Categories of Feedback

Prewriting or Early Drafting
Each writer and project will have unique characteristics, including the stage at which the writer seeks feedback. Some writers value feedback before they begin to write anything of substance.  For writers who would like help getting started on a project, here are some of the ways I will respond to encourage idea development:

  • Prompts related or unrelated to an assignment/project to encourage freewriting
  • Responding with questions about assignment/project description to encourage new ideas
  • Drawing a ‘map’ or several ‘maps’ of ideas for the writer to consider to begin prewriting
  • Responding to writer’s prewriting/brainstorming with prompts, questions, or suggested outline ideas
  • Suggesting sources and resources for further idea development

Complete Feedback and Editing on Full Draft
Writers often prefer to complete a draft of their work before showing it to someone else, even if they recognize there is a lot of room for revision.  For writers who would like complete feedback on a full, but early, draft of a work, here are some of the ways I will respond to encourage re-seeing and revision for further development:

  • Proofreading (as described below), intended to highlight for the writer any patterns to avoid in future drafts
  • Unique, objective feedback regarding the strengths and challenges in the piece
  • Detailed comments indicating why I made certain suggestions for changes
  • Analysis of how the intended audience would likely receive the piece
  • Commentary on tone, voice, and pace of the piece
  • Suggestions for stronger development, including references to outside sources as needed

Proofreading (No Comments)
When writers are confident in the overall outcome of their work, they are usually ready for someone simply to serve as another reader to look for common mistakes.  After prewriting, drafting, and revising, writers are often unable to see small errors anymore because they have seen the document too many times to notice.  These are the types of editing Tutoring the Whole Writer can offer for writers who are at the final stages of their drafting process:

  • General Grammar/Sentence Structure
  • General Spelling
  • Punctuation
  • Typographical errors
  • Verb tenses
  • Subject-verb agreement
  • Noun-pronoun agreement
  • Basic word choice agreement

Citation Format and Reading Outside Materials
Citations help bring academic legitimacy to an academic writing project.  For a small additional fee, I will check citation format for accuracy (MLA and APA only). Similarly, for a small fee, I will read additional materials such as lengthy assignment descriptions, outside sources, or other materials as provided by the writer when they are important to the writer’s goal for the project.

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